“Safety by Design” is a concept and movement that encourages product designers to “design out”health and safety risks during design &development. This concept supports the view that along with quality, programme and cost; operational safety including risk mitigation is realized during the design stage itself.
Concept of safety aspects in design is an intrinsic part of any design project. Nevertheless, this concept ends normally with making design as FAIL PASSIVE, which means, any failure of the part or system should not cause undue catastrophic effects on the overall operation. Traditional methodology adopted towards hazard identification and mitigation often surfaces at a stage when the design process would be in final stages, whereby safety comes as an afterthought.